Valentine Day Festival 14 February

Birds Mating Time

During the Middle Ages, people held a popular belief that birds started to look for a mate from February 14 which gave birth to the idea that Valentine’s Day festival that falls in the middle of February should be celebrated as the day of love and romance. The concept soon gained ground among the lovers and they began to celebrate the day by exchanging love notes and simple gifts like flower.

Saint Valentine, the Patron Saint of lovers all over the world was the Bishop of Terni, a town in the green region of Umbria in the heart of Italy  He was  martyred in the 3rd century. The province of Umbria got its name from the Umbrians who inhabited the area in pre-Roman times.
The Basilica of St Valentine hosting the Saint’s remains, is to be found at Terni. 
 At 6 km distance from Terni are the impressive Marmore Falls. With falls totaling 165 meters in height, they are considered the highest waterfalls of Europe. The Waterfalls are part of the surrounding natural scenery of incomparable beauty, but believe it or not, they are an artificial work of the Romans. The Velino river which at the time spread around a large area creating stagnant waters, a malaria hazard, had to be regulated. Aiming to make these waters deflow, the consul Curius Dentatus had a canal dug which directed them in direction of the Marmore cliff.
Also you should not miss the ruins of Carsulae, an ancient Roman city, the charming medieval village of Cesi 

Legends of St Valentine’s Day

There are various popular and interesting legends of St Valentine’s Day. Some legends trace the origin of Valentine’s Day to pagan times while others link it one or more Saints of early Christian Church.
According to one very popular legend, Valentine was a priest in Rome who lived during the reign of Emperor Claudius II. Under his regime, Claudius is said to have engaged Rome into several bloody battles. To strengthen his army, the Emperor continuously needed to recruit soldiers. However, Claudius found that not many soldiers were keen to join the army because of attachment with their wives and families. In order to sever the bond of attachment, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome. Valentine – a romantic at heart priest, defied this callous decree of Claudius by secretly arranging marriages of young men and women. When Valentine’s defiance was discovered by the Emperor, he was brutally beaten up and put to death on February 14, about 270 AD. 

For his martyrdom and dedication for the cause Valentine was name a Saint after his death. By Middle Ages, Saint Valentine became popular as the patron saint of love and lovers in England and France to the extent that Pope Gelasius declared February 14 as Valentine’s Day on 498 AD and put an end to pagan celebrations. Thus, Saint Valentine’s martyrdom day became an occasion to celebrate love.